Talk by Marco Donatelli, University of Insubria

Structure preserving preconditioners for image deblurring


Regularizing preconditioners for accelerating the convergence of iterative regularization methods without spoiling the quality of the approximated solution have been extensively investigated in the last twenty years. Several strategies have been proposed for defining proper preconditioners. Usually, in methods for image restoration, the structure of the preconditioner is chosen Block Circulant with Circulant Blocks (BCCB) because it can be efficiently exploited by Fast Fourier Transform (FFT).

Unfortunately, for ill-conditioned problems, it is well known that BCCB preconditioners cannot provide a strong clustering of the eigenvalues. Moreover, in order to get an effective preconditioner, it is crucial to preserve the structure of the coefficient matrix. The structure of such a matrix, in case of image deblurring problem, depends on the boundary conditions imposed on the imaging model. Therefore, we propose a technique to construct a preconditioner which has the same structure of the blurring matrix related to the restoration problem at hand. The construction of our preconditioner requires two FFTs like the BCCB preconditioner. The presented preconditioning strategy represents a generalization and an improvement with respect of both circulant and structured preconditioning available in the literature. The technique is further extended to provide a non-stationary preconditioning in the same spirit of a recent proposal for BCCB matrices. Some numerical results show the importance of preserving the matrix structure from the point of view of both restoration quality and robustness of the regularization parameter.

Joint work with Pietro Dell'Acqua, Claudio Estatico, and Mariarosa Mazza.

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